Drunk driving and distracted driving both claim thousands of American lives each year. We looked at the data to find out which is more prevalent and which is more deadly.
We also explored state laws regulating drunk driving and distracted driving, and we looked to see which states have the highest number of violations of those laws.
Then we compared this past year to prior years. With more drivers staying home because of the pandemic, did we drive more safely in 2020 than we had in the past?
And how can you prevent drunk driving and distracted driving?
Here’s everything you need to know about drunk driving vs. distracted driving.
Drunk Driving vs. Distracted Driving: Which is More Prevalent?
It’s technically not possible to determine how often people drive drunk compared to how often they drive with distractions because we can’t catch every occurrence of drunk driving and distracted driving.
What we do know is that distracted driving has increased as distractions, in general, have increased, largely due to technology. A recent survey found that 61% of Americans admit to being more distracted in their daily lives as a result of smartphone usage. And 51% say they are more distracted while driving today than they were five years ago.
It’s safe to say that there are more distracted drivers than drunk drivers. After all, there is a certain percentage of American adults who don’t drink at all (estimated at around 30%), but none of us are immune to distractions. And with one out of every ten people having been in a car accident due to someone being distracted by their phone, distracted driving is clearly more prevalent than drunk driving.
Drunk Driving vs. Distracted Driving: Which Causes More Fatalities?
According to the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), drunk driving resulted in 10,142 deaths in 2019 in the United States. This is far more than the 3,142 deaths caused by distracted driving over the same period.
The general consensus is that drunk driving is more fatal than distracted driving because drunk drivers tend to be more reckless and traveling at higher speeds than distracted drivers. Many distracted driving accidents are fender-benders resulting from distractions in stop-and-go traffic. Take a look at these survey results:
88% of those surveyed report using their phones at a stop sign or red light.
69% admit to using their phones while stuck in stop-and-go traffic.
63% have checked their phones while in slow-moving traffic.
Distracted driving fatalities have remained right around the 3,000-per-year rate for the past decade, despite laws being passed to combat distracted driving. This is likely due, at least in part, to our growing reliance on our cell phones. 79% of survey respondents report being more reliant on their smartphones when it comes to completing daily tasks and activities, like texting, emailing, and checking the weather.
There is a bit of good news: drunk driving fatalities are declining. The 2019 figures represent the lowest death toll from drunk driving since NHTSA started keeping statistics back in 1982.
How Are State Laws Addressing Drunk Driving and Distracted Driving?
All 50 states have laws against drunk driving. Most states require the blood alcohol content (BAC) levels of drivers to be less than .08. In Utah, the limit is .05.
The most common type of distracted driving laws pertains to phone usage. It would be impossible to write a law banning you from being distracted since humans can be distracted by any number of things. But lawmakers can write laws banning the use of hand-held phones while driving.
Currently, all states except Montana have a ban against texting while driving. All drivers are also banned from using a hand-held phone in 24 states (mostly on the coasts). Six states have only a partial hand-held ban, typically banning new licensees from using their phones while driving. And the remaining states have no ban against holding a phone while driving.
Image courtesy of IIHS.
Which States Are the Worst for Drunk Driving and Distracted Driving?
States with lower population densities tend to see more drunk driving violations. This appears to be because 1) less traffic gives drivers a false sense of security, and 2) low-density areas have fewer public transportation and ride-share options.
The states with the most DUI violations are:
Distracted driving also tends to be worse in lower-density states. Again, this may be because the lack of traffic congestion makes drivers think they can take their eyes off the road more.
Did Drivers Improve in 2020?
Organizations are still tabulating the crash stats and traffic data from 2020, but initial reviews indicate that drivers performed worse in 2020 despite driving fewer miles.
Crash stats for the first half of 2020 showed fatalities were down about 2% compared to 2019, which sounds like good news, until you remember that people drove less in 2020 because the pandemic kept us home. The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) actually increased from 1.06 in 2019 to 1.25 in 2020.
Why did the fatality percentage increase in 2020? There are a few reasons:
According to the NHTSA’s report on traffic safety during the second quarter of 2020, risk-averse drivers likely followed stay-at-home orders and stayed off the roads while drivers who take more risks would have been out more. This means more risky drivers were on the roads.
Fewer people were willing to rideshare during the pandemic, so driving under the influence rose. In Colorado, for example, there was a 32% increase in alcohol and marijuana-related crashes from January to April of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.
Less traffic congestion means people have more room to drive recklessly. Florida, for example, saw a higher percentage of reckless speeding tickets in 2020 than in 2019.
The lesson is clear: to remain safe on the road, you must remain vigilant. That means no drunk driving and no distracted driving.
Ways to Avoid Drunk Driving and Distracted Driving
Don’t become a statistic. Drunk driving and distracted driving can both be minimized, if not altogether avoided!
There are several ways you can avoid drinking and driving:
Don’t drink if you might have to drive home.
Find a designated driver who hasn’t had (and won’t have) a drink before driving you home.
Call a Taxi, Uber, or Lyft.
Stay where you are. If you’re at a friend’s house, just crash there. You can drive home the next day when you’re sober.
There are also several ways to avoid distracted driving:
Keep passengers to a minimum. The more people in the car, the more distractions you have.
Put your phone out of reach. If your phone is in the backseat or the trunk, you won’t be tempted to check it.
Use an app to lock your phone while the car is running.
Take a defensive driving course to learn methods of driving that protect you from your own distractions as well as from the actions of other distracted drivers on the road.
Make sure you have anything you need easily accessible (like sunglasses or a water bottle) before putting the car in drive. Make sure any kids in the car also have whatever toys, snacks, or entertainment they might need before starting your journey
Drunk driving and distracted driving are both deadly. And they’re both preventable. Distracted driving may be more prevalent, but drunk driving is more deadly.
All states have banned drunk driving. Nearly all states have banned texting while driving, and most states have bans against using a hand-held phone while driving, in an attempt to minimize distracted driving. States with lower population densities are more susceptible to violations against both drunk driving and distracted driving, most likely because the open roads give drivers a false sense of security.
Unfortunately, our driving habits appear to have gotten worse in 2020. The numbers are still coming in, but it looks like the crash and fatality rates increased during the pandemic. This could partly be because drivers drove more recklessly with less traffic on the roads.
There are plenty of ways to avoid drunk driving and distracted driving. Never get behind the wheel after drinking. And go out of your way to make your phone inaccessible while driving.
While you can’t force every other driver to follow driving laws and minimize the risks of drunk driving and distracted driving, you can train to anticipate bad drivers and avoid them. Enroll in an online defensive driving course today to help keep yourself and your family safe on the roads.